WASHINGTON — President Obama on Tuesday will travel to Atlanta to speak at a meeting of recovering drug addicts, doctors and law enforcement officials, reinforcing his response to the nation’s spiraling prescription painkiller and heroin epidemic.

Mr. Obama will announce several mostly modest measures to expand drug treatment centers and to increase the use of naloxone and similar drugs that reverse the effects of overdoses from opioids, which include illegal narcotics like heroin to brand-name painkillers like OxyContin and Percocet.

The last time Mr. Obama traveled outside of Washington to draw attention to the scourge of opioid addiction — to West Virginia in October — his administration was widely criticized for not doing enough to combat a public health epidemic that has worsened greatly during his presidency.

Since that trip, however, the federal government has published the first national guidelines for prescription painkillers, required new warning labels for certain kinds of opioid painkillers and requested an additional $1.1 billion to expand treatment facilities and to finance programs to prevent overdoses and to constrain illegal sales of drugs.